A sight that you will not easily forget.
The church is built on Vatican Hill, across the Tiber river from the historic center of Rome. The location is highly symbolic: this was the site where Saint Peter, the chief apostle, died a martyr and where he was buried in 64 AD. St. Peter is considered the first pope, so it made perfect sense for the papacy to build the principal shrine of the Catholic church here.
The building itself is truly impressive. The largest church in the world, it has a 211.5 meter long nave (694 ft, including the narthex). The basilica’s dome is one of the world’s largest measuring 42 meters in diameter and reaching 132.5 meters high (more than 434ft).
The opulence of the interior bears testimony to the wealth of the Catholic church in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. It is decorated with large monuments, many of which were created by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest artists of all time.